Genetic Engineering of Irish Genes Reveal Their True Origin

Excavated near Belfast in 1855, she had lain in a Neolithic tomb chamber for 5,000 years; subsequently curated in Queens University Belfast. Credit: Daniel Bradley, Trinity College Dublin

The genetic engineers belonging to Belfast and Dublin have recently collaborated to sequence the most ancient genomes of the Irish people. According to them, it will help in revealing vital information about the Irish people in the ancient times.

The genomes that were sequenced were of the ones that belonged to a farmer woman which was 5200 years old and of three other men who lived during the bronze age, which dates back to almost 2000 BC. The main reason for this study to take place was due to the fact that the genes of Irish people are a mystery since their genes exist on the end of the spectrum of normal European genetic repertoire.

While the things that the scientists aim to figure out in the genes of Irish people is the origin of iron retention and lactose intolerance, it is also done to get more information regarding those genes as their origin is still very vague and there is no conclusive proof to prove any theories that were made regarding those genes are true.

The research will hopefully answer questions such as the changes in Irish people were brought due to an internal evolution or was it simply a result of the influx of people from different regions into the British Isles. After examining the genes, the scientists reported that the genes had undergone massive changes when the ones which dated back to 5200 years ago were compared to the ones that were 4000 years old.

The farmers carried the genes that came from a stock native to the Middle East. Those who made use of metals instead of stones came from the Pontic Steppes. The Bronze Age group was met by an entire crowd of people that swept in from the black sea. This wave of migrants lapped the farthest westerly shores of Europe.

Another element to be considered when it comes to the linguistic history of migrants was the Celtic tongue. This can lead to more studies on the subject since the current one emphasizes and also demonstrates on the potential of a DNA tool analysis regarding the subject.

While the farmers of ancient Ireland had brown eyes, black hair and looked similar to a South European person, the Irish people belonging to the bronze age had blue eye alleles and iron retention as a common problem among them. Thus, these observations are a clear indication that the Irish genes was actually a combination of the genes from two genes that were distant from each other.